The Bertha (or Berta) people live along the border of Sudan and Ethiopia. In the 16th or 17th century, they migrated from eastern Sudan and settled in an area known as Benishangul, a fertile region in northwest Ethiopia..
When we see the total population population who speak the language 1,646,500 in Ethiopia, 1,630,000 (2010 UNSD), increasing. 4,840 Fadashi (2010 UNSD). 16,500. 99,700 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 1,826,500 according to Ethnologue SIL.
The Bertha are an agricultural people, their staple food being sorghum, a type of grass that is often raised for grain. The Bertha also make porridge and beer from sorghum.Over the centuries, the Bertha have intermarried with Arab traders but have maintained many of their traditional customs. Today, they are mainly Muslim, and most speak fluent Arabic in addition to their own language. In addition to Islam, the Bertha still practice extra-Islamic traditions, including rain-making rituals and consult ritual healers and shamans.